Reference Literature

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Healthcare

1.  Klevens RM, Edwards JR, Richards CL Jr, et al. Estimating health care–associated infections and deaths in U.S. hospitals, 2002. Public Health Rep 2007;122:160–166.

2.  Palumbo, Aimee J, Loveless, Ann, et al., Evaluation of Healthcare-Associated Infection Surveillance in Pennsylvania Hospitals, 2012. Infection Control and Hospital Epidemiology2012; Vol. 33, No. 2, February 2012.

24.  Gerding DN, Muto CA, Owens RC. Measures to control and prevent Clostridium difficile infection. Clin Infect Dis 2008; 46(suppl 1):S43–S49.

27.  Huang SS, Datta R, Platt R. Risk of acquiring antibiotic-resistant bacteria from prior room occupants. Arch Intern Med 2006;166: 1945–1951.

29.  Shaughnessy, M., MD, Micielli, R., MD, et al. Evaluation of Hospital Room Assignment and Acquisition of Clostridium Difficile Infection. Infection Control and Hospital Epidemiology. Vol. 32, No. 3 (March 2011), pp 201-206.

30.  Klevens RM, Edwards JR, Richards CL, et al. Estimating health care–associated infections and deaths in U.S. Hospitals, 2002. Public Health Rep 2007;122:160–166.

31.  Scott RD. The Direct Medical Costs of Healthcare-Associated Infections in U.S. Hospitals and the Benefits of Prevention. Atlanta: Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, 2009.

32.  Martin J. The Impact of Healthcare-Associated Infections in Pennsylvania. Harrisburg, PA: Pennsylvania Health Care Cost Containment Council, 2011. http://www.phc4.org. Accessed February 28, 2013.

34.  Salgado, C. D. MD, Sepkowitz, K. A. MD, et al. Copper Surfaces Reduce the Rate of Healthcare-Acquired Infections in the Intensive Care Unit. Infection Control and Hospital Epidemiology. May 2013, vol. 34, no. 5 pg 479 – 486.

41.  Sitzlar, B. BS; Deshpande, A. MD, PhD, et al. An Environmental Disinfection Odyssey: Evaluation of Sequential Interventions to Improve Disinfection of Clostridium difficile Isolation Rooms. Infection Control and Hospital Epidemiology. May 2013, vol. 34, no. 5, pg 459 – 465.

42.  Guerrero DM, Nerandzic MM, Jury LA, Jinno S, Chang S, Donskey CJ. Acquisition of spores on gloved hands after contact with the skin of patients with Clostridium difficile infection and with environmental surfaces in their rooms. Am J Infect Control.

43.  Lawley TD, Clare S, Deakin LJ, et al. Use of purified Clostridium difficile spores to facilitate evaluation of health care disinfection regimens. Appl Environ Microbiol 2010;76:6895–6900.

50.  Boyce JM, Havill NL, Lipka A, Havill H, Rizvani R. Variations in hospital daily cleaning practices. Infect Control Hosp Epidemiol 2010;31:99–101.

51.  Carling PC, Parry MM, Rupp ME, Po JL, Dick B, Von Beheren S. Improving cleaning of the environment surrounding patients in 36 acute care hospitals. Infect Control Hosp Epidemiol 2008; 29:1035–1041.

54.  Havill, N. L. MT; Moore, B. A. PhD, et al. Comparison of the Microbiological Efficacy of Hydrogen Peroxide Vapor and Ultraviolet Light Processes for Room Decontamination. Infection Control and Hospital Epidemiology. May 2012, vol. 33, no. 5.

58.  Huang SS, Datta R, Platt R. Risk of acquiring antibiotic-resistant bacteria from prior room occupants. Arch Intern Med 2006;166:1945–1951.

59.  Drees M, Snydman DR, Schmid CH, et al. Prior environmental contamination increases the risk of acquisition of vancomycin-resistant enterococci. Clin Infect Dis 2008;46:678–685.

60.  Shaughnessy M, Micielli R, Depestel D, et al. Evaluation of hospital room assignment and acquisition of Clostridium difficile associated diarrhea (CDAD). In: Programs and abstracts of the 48th Annual Interscience Conference on Antimicrobial Agents and Chemotherapy/Infections Disease Society of America 46th Annual Meeting. Washington, DC: American Society for Microbiology, 2008. Abstract K-4194.

62.  Rutala, W. PhD, MPH; Gergen, M. MT; Room Decontamination with UV Radiation. Infection Control and Hospital Epidemiology. Vol. 31, No. 10 (October 2010), pp. 1025-1029.

67.  Carling PC, Briggs JL, Perkins J, Highlander D. Improved cleaning of patient rooms using a new targeting method. Clin Infect Dis 2006;42:385–388.

68.  Carling PC, Parry MF, Von Beheren SM; for the Healthcare Environmental Hygiene Study Group. Identifying opportunities to enhance environmental cleaning in 23 acute care hospitals. Infect Control Hosp Epidemiol 2008;29:1–7.

69.  Griffith CJ, Obee P, Cooper RA, Burton NF, Lewis M. The effectiveness of existing and modified cleaning regimens in a Welsh hospital. J Hosp Infect 2007;66:352–359.

70.  Dancer SJ, White L, Robertson C. Monitoring environmental cleanliness on two surgical wards. Int J Environ Health Res 2008; 18:357–364.

71.  Boyce JM, Havill NL, Dumigan DG, Golebiewski M, Balogun O, Rizvani R. Monitoring the effectiveness of hospital cleaning practices by use of an adenosine triphosphate bioluminescence assay. Infect Control Hosp Epidemiol 2009;30:678–684.

75.  Boyce J. M., MD; Havill N. L. et al. Terminal Decontamination of Patient Rooms Using an Automated Mobile UV Light Unit. Infection Control and Hospital Epidemiology. Vol. 32, No. 8 (August 2011), pp. 737-742.

88.  Byers KE, Durbin LJ, Simonton BM, Anglim AM, Adal KA, Farr BM. Disinfection of hospital rooms contaminated with vancomycin-resistant Enterococcus faecium. Infect Control Hosp Epidemiol 1998; 19: 261–4.

89.  Morris JG Jr, Shay DK, Hebden JN, et al. Enterococci resistant to multiple antimicrobial agents, including vancomycin: establishment of endemicity in a university medical center. Ann Intern Med 1995; 123: 250–9.

90.  Drees, M., Snydman, D. R., et al. Prior Environmental Contamination Increases the Risk of Acquisition of Vancomycin-Resistant Enterococci. Clinical Infectious Diseases. 2008; 46:678–85.

 

Competition

1.  Nerandzic, et al., Evaluation of an automated ultraviolet radiation device for decontamination of Clostridium difficile and other healthcare-associated pathogens in hospital rooms. BMC Infectious Diseases 2010, 10:197.

2.  Rutala, et al., Room Decontamination with UV Radiation. Infection Control and Hospital Epidemiology, Vol. 31, No. 10 (October 2010), pg. 1027.

3.  Sitzlar, et al., "An Environmental Disinfection Odyssey: Evaluation of Sequential Interventions to Improve Disinfection of Clostridium difficile Isolation Rooms", Infection Control and Hospital Epidemiology, May 2013, vol. 34, no. 5, pg 459 – 465.

4.  Rutala, et al., Room Decontamination with UV Radiation. Infection Control and Hospital Epidemiology, Infection Control and Hospital Epidemiology, Vol. 31, No. 10 (October 2010), pp. 1025- 1029.

 

FAQ

27.  Huang SS, Datta R, Platt R. Risk of acquiring antibiotic-resistant bacteria from prior room occupants. Arch Intern Med 2006;166: 1945–1951.

29.  Shaughnessy, M., MD, Micielli, R., MD, et al. Evaluation of Hospital Room Assignment and Acquisition of Clostridium Difficile Infection. Infection Control and Hospital Epidemiology. Vol. 32, No. 3 (March 2011), pp 201-206.

58.  Huang SS, Datta R, Platt R. Risk of acquiring antibiotic-resistant bacteria from prior room occupants. Arch Intern Med 2006;166:1945–1951.

59.  Drees M, Snydman DR, Schmid CH, et al. Prior environmental contamination increases the risk of acquisition of vancomycin-resistant enterococci. Clin Infect Dis 2008;46:678–685.

60.  Shaughnessy M, Micielli R, Depestel D, et al. Evaluation of hospital room assignment and acquisition of Clostridium difficile associated diarrhea (CDAD). In: Programs and abstracts of the 48th Annual Interscience Conference on Antimicrobial Agents and Chemotherapy/Infections Disease Society of America 46th Annual Meeting. Washington, DC: American Society for Microbiology, 2008. Abstract K-4194.

62.  Rutala, W. PhD, MPH; Gergen, M. MT; Room Decontamination with UV Radiation. Infection Control and Hospital Epidemiology. Vol. 31, No. 10 (October 2010), pp. 1025-1029.

 

Photograph & Image Credits

1.  PFC NATHAN L. BARNES, USMC - U.S. Dept. of Defense

2.  MC2 Mark Logico - U.S. Dept. of Defense

3.  LCPL Ty Hardin, USMC - U.S. Dept. of Defense

4.  Chad R., Erdmann, USN - U.S. Dept. of Defense

5.  Electric Boat Company - U.S. Dept. of Defense

6.  Benjamin Earwicker - Stock.xchng

7.  Franci Strümpfer - Stock.xchng

8.  Griszka Niewiadomski - Stock.xchng

9.  Janice Carr / Lois S. Wiggs -U.S. Centers for Disease Control (CDC)

10. CDC / Dr. Gilda Jones - U.S. Centers for Disease Control (CDC)

11. CDC / James Gathany - U.S. Centers for Disease Control (CDC)

12. CDC / James Gathany - U.S. Centers for Disease Control (CDC)